(Bloomberg) — NASA wants to buy some moon rocks, and it’s seeking out companies to make space mining trips so that it can establish a legal framework for its galactic aspirations.
The agency is soliciting bids from explorers anywhere on Earth who are willing to finance their own trips to the moon and collect soil or rock samples without actually returning the material to earth. The effort is meant to set a legal precedent for mining on the lunar surface that would allow NASA to one day collect ice, helium or other materials useful to colonies on the moon and, eventually, Mars.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration also wants to demonstrate the potential for “in-situ resource utilization,” or using locally sourced materials for future space missions, it said Thursday. NASA anticipates paying roughly between $15,000 to $25,000 per moon contract, agency Administrator Jim Bridenstine said, though final pricing will be determined by the competition.
Activities beyond the earthly plane are currently governed by the United Nations Outer Space Treaty of 1967. Signed by the U.S., it bars extraterrestrial military bases or nuclear weapons and basically requires nations to explore in peace and clean up their own messes.
In particular, the treaty stipulates that outer space isn’t subject to “national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.” But it doesn’t specifically address space mining.
“It’s time for regulatory certainty to extract and trade space resources,” Bridenstine said in a tweet.
The winning bidder will “collect up to 500 grams (1.1 pounds) of lunar material, photograph it, document its location and then “conduct an ‘in-place’ transfer of ownership of the lunar regolith or rocks to NASA,” the agency said in a blog post. NASA will sort out any retrieval plans for the material at a later date.
It’s not clear yet who might step up as a contender. Landing on the moon is neither cheap nor easy, and NASA will pay only for the lunar material that’s collected. The contractor will be responsible for all costs associated with the mission, NASA spokeswoman Stephanie Schierholz said in an email.
Financially, the contract would make most sense for explorers already planning lunar trips. India plans a second try at landing a rover on the moon after its first attempt failed in September 2019. A $100 million privately funded Israeli mission to land on the lunar surface failed in April 2019. In March 2018, Google and the XPrize Foundation ended its $30 million lunar competition after multiple private teams were unable to launch and land a small rover on the moon and to drive it at least 500 meters (1,640 feet).
NASA’s Artemis program aims to land astronauts on the moon in 2024.
Researcher Discusses Whether or not Time Journey May Stop a Pandemic – Editorials 360
College of Queensland pupil Germain Tobar who labored with UQ physics professor Fabio Costa on a brand new peer-reviewed paper “says he has mathematically confirmed the bodily feasibility of a selected type of time journey” with out paradoxes, experiences Common Mechanics:
Time journey dialogue focuses on closed time-like curves, one thing Albert Einstein first posited. And Tobar and Costa say that so long as simply two items of a complete state of affairs inside a closed time-like curve are nonetheless in “causal order” once you go away, the remaining is topic to native free will… In a college assertion, Costa illustrates the science with an analogy
“Say you travelled in time, in an try and cease COVID-19’s affected person zero from being uncovered to the virus. Nevertheless for those who stopped that particular person from changing into contaminated, that will remove the motivation so that you can return and cease the pandemic within the first place. This can be a paradox, an inconsistency that usually leads folks to suppose that point journey can not happen in our universe. [L]ogically it is exhausting to just accept as a result of that will have an effect on our freedom to make any arbitrary motion. It might imply you may time journey, however you can’t do something that will trigger a paradox to happen….”
However the actual fact, by way of the mathematical outcomes, is extra like one other traditional parable: the monkey’s paw. Watch out what you would like for, and watch out what you time journey for. Tobar explains within the assertion:
“Within the coronavirus affected person zero instance, you may attempt to cease affected person zero from changing into contaminated, however in doing so you’ll catch the virus and turn out to be affected person zero, or another person would. It doesn’t matter what you probably did, the salient occasions would simply recalibrate round you. Attempt as you may to create a paradox, the occasions will at all times regulate themselves, to keep away from any inconsistency.”
Learn extra of this story at Slashdot.
UPI Almanac for Sunday, Sept. 27, 2020 – UPI News
Today is Sunday, Sept. 27, the 271st day of 2020 with 95 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include statesman Samuel Adams in 1722; political cartoonist Thomas Nast in 1840; magician Harry Blackstone Sr. in 1885; actor Jayne Meadows in 1919; filmmaker Arthur Penn in 1922; actor William Conrad in 1920; actor Wilford Brimley in 1934; golf Hall of Fame member Kathy Whitworth in 1939 (age 81); rock musician Randy Bachman in 1943 (age 77); singer Meat Loaf, born Michael Lee Aday, in 1947 (age 73); baseball Hall of Fame member Mike Schmidt in 1949 (age 71); actor/singer Shaun Cassidy in 1958 (age 62); gold medal-winning speed skater Beth Heiden in 1959 (age 61); actor Gwyneth Paltrow in 1972 (age 48); rapper Lil Wayne, born Dwayne Michael Carter Jr., in 1982 (age 38); actor Anna Camp in 1982 (age 38); singer Avril Lavigne in 1984 (age 36); actor Thomas Mann in 1991 (age 29); actor Jenna Ortega in 2002 (age 18).
On this date in history:
In 1540, the Society of Jesus, known as the Jesuits, was chartered by the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1825, in England, George Stephenson operated the first locomotive to pull a passenger train.
In 1930, golfer Bobby Jones won the U.S. Amateur Championship, capturing the era’s Grand Slam. Earlier in the year, he won the British Amateur, British Open and U.S. Open.
In 1938, Queen Elizabeth christened the world’s largest ocean liner with her own name during a ceremony in Scotland. The Queen Elizabeth was the sister ship of the Queen Mary, which was christened four years earlier.
In 1939, after 19 days of heavy air raids and artillery bombardment, Polish defenders of Warsaw surrendered to German forces.
In 1954, The Tonight Show made its television debut with host Steve Allen.
In 1964, the Warren Commission report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was released after a 10-month investigation, concluding that there was no conspiracy and that Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin, acted alone.
In 1998, Gerhard Schroeder led Germany’s Social Democratic Party to victory in parliamentary elections, bringing to an end 16 years of power by Chancellor Helmut Kohl and his Christian Democratic Party.
In 2008, Zhai Zhigang left the Shenzhou VII spacecraft and became the first Chinese astronaut to take a space walk.
In 2010, Jimi Heselden, 62, manufacturer of the upright Segway scooter, was killed when he apparently lost control of one of the two-wheeled, self-balancing machines and ran over a cliff into a river.
In 2014, Mount Ontake, Japan’s second highest volcano, erupted in a cloud of ash, killing 63 people, many of them hikers.
In 2017, Thailand’s Supreme Court ruled unanimously to sentence former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra to five years in prison for failing to report false and corrupt government-to-government sales in a rice-pledging scheme.
In 2018, India’s top court said a colonial-era law that criminalized adultery was unconstitutional and discriminatory in a landmark ruling hailed by women’s rights groups.
A thought for the day: “The single story creates stereotypes, and the problem with stereotypes is not that they are untrue, but that they are incomplete. They make one story become the only story … The consequence of the single story is this: It robs people of dignity.” — Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
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Jupiter and Saturn to make a triangle with the moon – Met Office forecast and when to see them – Gloucestershire Live
The moon, Jupiter and Saturn are lining up to form a triangle of astronomical delight in the skies above Gloucestershire again on Saturday.
On Friday, the two planets were clearly seen near the Moon and if the skies are clear, you should be able to see them again tonight.
Dara Ó Briain, the comedian, presenter and keen stargazer was one of those to tweet their delight at the sight on Friday, saying: “The Moon, Jupiter and Saturn making a gorgeous triangle right now.”
Many tweeted their own pictures of the night show
According to the experts at Earth Sky, the triangle will be visible tonight and the best time to see it is from around 9pm.
It said it’s hard to miss the two gas giants as they are so near and can be identified by their closeness to the moon.
The Met Office, in its latest forecast, is suggesting a partly cloudy night between 8pm and 11pm with temperatures around 11C.
The moon today is in its waxing gibbous phase, which lasts until the full moon due on Thursday, October 1.
Good places to go stargazing in Gloucestershire include Windsor Drive in Tuffley, Gloucester; Leckhampton Hill in Cheltenham, Painswick Beacon and Cranham Common in Stroud; Edge, in between Gloucester and Stroud’ Minchinhampton Common, in between Stroud and Nailsworth and the top of Cleeve Hill in the Cotswolds.
If you’ve got any images of the three celestial bodies, share them with us at firstname.lastname@example.org
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