On Sunday (August 23), the Conservative Party of Canada will crown its new leader.
And with nearly 175,000 votes cast, party members are eagerly awaiting the outcome.
But do the four candidates really have the right stuff to dislodge Justin Trudeau and the federal Liberals?
Or are they too extreme for urban and suburban Canadian voters in the 21st century?
Judge for yourself…
* as foreign affairs minister, MacKay opposed a United Nations call for a ceasefire after Israel invaded Lebanon in 2006.
* as defence minister, MacKay was a vociferous supporter of the F-35 fighter jet program. He and then prime minister Stephen Harper insisted that purchasing 65 F-35 planes would cost $16 billion before Canadians went to the polls in 2011. A year later, then auditor general Michael Ferguson’s investigation concluded that the real cost would be $25 billion over 20 years.
* As justice minister, MacKay criminalized the sale of sex between consenting adults. He also made it illegal for sex workers’ organizations to collect dues to lobby for their collective labour rights.
* His climate plan includes a pledge to scrap the federal carbon tax. It also states that Canada “can be a reliable source of natural gas to help the world get off coal”.
* O’Toole, who is backed by Alberta premier Jason Kenney, supports invoking the “notwithstanding” clause of the constitution to overrule Supreme Court of Canada rulings relating to some law and order policies.
* A former captain in the Canadian Armed Forces, he’s promised to expedite the delivery of new fighter jets.
* She’s promised to eliminate the federal carbon tax.
* If she were leading the government, she would ban sex-selective abortion, “protect women from coerced abortions”, and scrap funding for “international abortions”.
* Lewis will retain the “Nordic” model, which criminalizes the sale of sex between consenting adults, and “stop the expansion of new categories” for medically assisted death.
* He will make it illegal for online platforms to ban users unless they’ve been “documented” breaking Canadian law.
* His 12-point pro-life plan maintains that pregant women and their unborn children are “often the victims of homicide”. Provinces that do not ensure freedom of expression for campus pro-life clubs will have federal equalization payments clawed back.
* Sloan supports raising the mandatory minimum age for cannabis use to 25 and wants to pull Canada out of the World Health Organization.
B.C. university launches 1st peace and reconciliation centre in Canada – CBC.ca
The University of the Fraser Valley hopes its new Peace and Reconciliation Centre (PARC) — which the school says is the first of its kind in Canada — will help contribute to a more equitable society.
Professor Keith Carlson, the centre’s chair, said institutions like universities and governments can often reinforce unequal power structures by excluding knowledge and experience from historically-marginalized communities.
The PARC was established to counter that by “bringing new voices to the table,” he told Margaret Gallagher, guest host of CBC’s On the Coast on Thursday.
Aside from collaborating with academic departments like Peace and Conflict Studies, the PARC will offer funding and scholarships to students and faculty, as well as community members not affiliated with UFV “who are looking for partners and allies to change the world,” said Carlson.
The Abbotsford-based university says it has received substantial funding from the Oikodome Foundation, a local Christian charity.
UFV launched the PARC Thursday with a virtual event featuring speeches from Steven Point, the first-ever Indigenous chancellor of UBC, and former Ontario Premier Bob Rae, now Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Jacqueline Nolte, dean of UFV’s college of arts, said the university envisions the PARC as a hub for constructive dialogue, research and creative expression aimed at building trust among diverse communities.
“We will facilitate deep listening and mediation such that all people will feel heard and acknowledged,” she said in a news release.
The scope of the centre won’t be narrow.
Along with relations between Indigenous people and settlers, Carlson said the centre could address everything from domestic violence to interfaith conflicts in the Middle East and Ireland.
Carlson, who holds the Canada Research Chair in Indigenous and community-engaged history, echoed Nolte’s words.
“What we’re saying [is] that we value Indigenous ways of knowing,” Carlson said.
“The structures that underlie racism need to be dismantled so that everybody in this country […] will be able to enjoy all the privileges that anybody who’s of European descent [has].”
Crisis, what crisis? If Canada is in a 2nd COVID wave, N.L. is watching it from afar – CBC.ca
On Wednesday, Canadians tuned in to hear Prime Minister Justin Trudeau make a national address on COVID-19. Trudeau got right to the point.
“The second wave isn’t just starting, it’s already underway,” Trudeau said. “The numbers are clear.”
Given that Trudeau just moments later said, “We’re on the brink of a fall that could be much worse than the spring,” I was expecting him to then lay down the framework for another lockdown.
That didn’t happen. Instead, Trudeau appealed to Canadians to do their part to smash a curve that has been on rapid ascent in some provinces, especially British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario and Quebec.
Are things that bad? Here’s a comparison from the address that ought to have caught attention. “Back on March 13, when we went into lockdown, there were 47 new cases of COVID-19. Yesterday alone, we had well over a thousand.”
There was no sense of panic after Trudeau’s remarks — not across the country, but especially not here. What reaction I did notice locally on social media might be boiled down to “meh.” That is, life is going on, and since Trudeau’s address made for prime-time viewing in our time zone, it felt like a bit of a letdown.
Part of this reason surely must be that there are distinct COVID-19 situations in the country, and Newfoundland and Labrador — perhaps accustomed to watching national dramas from both geographic and psychological sidelines all along — is far away from a mounting crisis elsewhere in Canada.
Wildly different experiences in the pandemic
Consider this. In Ontario on Thursday — the day after Trudeau’s address to the nation — 409 cases were reported. A month earlier, on Aug. 24, the number was 105. Quebec reported 582 cases on Thursday; on Aug. 24, that number was just 68.
The national tally has indeed been spiking in recent days. On Thursday, Canada logged 1,341 news cases of COVID-19 — or about 55 an hour. That’s almost one a minute.
Or, to look at it another way, there are on average five new cases surfacing every five or six minutes.
To count the last five cases in Newfoundland and Labrador, you need to go back to Aug. 10. To count the last 10, we go back to July 22.
In other words, the pandemic situation here — like all of the other Atlantic provinces and the territories — is entirely different from provinces where cases are spiking. (Manitoba is dealing with double digits, while Saskatchewan’s caseload has been comparatively modest.)
So … have we become complacent?
There’s always that concern everywhere, and we should be no different.
But it’s worth noting that a focal point of Wednesday’s weekly briefing was whether Halloween could go ahead this year. (A provisional yes, said Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, so long as rates do not increase.)
Not only did we not see anxious faces that have been handling briefings in bigger provinces, we learned on Wednesday that the provincial government has stopped sending daily news releases on COVID-19. They’ll resume when there is, well, news — presumably, a new case. Otherwise, data will be updated every afternoon on the dashboard of the province’s COVID-19 website.
Crushing the curve
Newfoundland and Labrador, which had a scary spike in the early spring with a cluster that involved attendance at the Caul’s funeral home in St. John’s, not only planked the curve, but kind of crushed it.
Still, despite a gradual loosening of restrictions brought in through a public health emergency order, we continue to move through the impacts of living with a pandemic. We may be able to shop and move around more easily, but many facets of daily life are quite affected. In the weeks to come, there will be no fall fairs at local churches, no Christmas sales at the Glacier, no big concerts at Mile One. Live performances are resuming, but many chairs (every other row at the Arts & Culture Centre) will be vacant for safety.
There will be no conventions, either. Indeed, there has not been that much travel. There was five times the amount of passenger traffic at St. John’s International Airport in August than in April, but that’s only because there was practically no traffic at all in those early weeks of the pandemic.
Consider this chart:
|Month||Passengers||Decrease from 2019|
Source: St. John’s International Airport
Newfoundland and Labrador’s so-called travel ban — which prohibits entry to the province to non-residents (now outside the Maritimes) who do not have previously approved exemptions — continues to be divisive, but I see many people applaud it. Last week, Justice Donald Burrage upheld the ban, even though he also found that the order clearly violates charter rights of movement. Lawyers who argued the case say they are considering an appeal.
Legends of the fall
As I was making a cup of coffee early Friday morning, I noticed something that used to be common (like clockwork, really) in the air over the east end: the distinctive noise of a jet taking off at the airport.
It has occurred to me that the “new normal” of COVID-19 that we’ve all been talking about really means “the normal we are in right now, and it may change quickly.”
We are connected to the rest of the country, and the rest of the planet, and things are fluid.
Trudeau, who used his address to call on people to behave responsively, said the outcome of the second wave is not predetermined.
“What we can change,” he said, “is where we are in October and into the winter. It’s all too likely we won’t be gathering for Thanksgiving, but we still have a shot at Christmas.”
At this end of the country, it would be an understatement to say people want the infection rate to stay as low this fall as it’s been this summer.
It’s also reasonable to think many people are looking forward to a “new normal” that moves closer and closer to the old one.
Canada failed to protect elderly in first wave of COVID-19 — will the same mistakes be made again? – CBC.ca
This is an excerpt from Second Opinion, a weekly roundup of health and medical science news emailed to subscribers every Saturday morning. If you haven’t subscribed yet, you can do that by clicking here.
As COVID-19 cases surge across Canada and outbreaks in nursing homes flare up once again, experts say vulnerable elderly populations are at extreme risk in the second wave due to a lack of government action.
Long-term care facilities bore the brunt of the first wave of the pandemic in Canada, with more than 70 per cent of deaths from COVID-19 occurring in those aged over 80, about twice the average of rates from other developed countries.
“That is one of the most damning failures that’s taken place through the pandemic,” said Dr. Andrew Boozary, executive director of health and social policy for Toronto’s University Health Network.
“If we were going to be judged by how we protected our most susceptible and people who are structurally vulnerable — we failed them.”
WATCH | Trudeau discusses the federal government’s role in long-term care:
In his address to the nation Wednesday night, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the situations experienced by “too many elders” in long-term care homes is “unacceptable.”
“That has to change and it will change,” he said. “We will be working with the provinces and territories to set new national standards on long-term care.”
But Canada’s systemic failures in long-term care are nothing new, and neither are the calls for action.
Long-term care deficiencies a longstanding issue
A July report from the Royal Society of Canada, an association that includes some of Canada’s top scientists and scholars, described COVID-19 as “a shock wave that cracked wide all the fractures in our nursing home system.” It called on the federal government to act “immediately” on creating national standards of care.
Months later, no concrete action has yet been taken, and the second wave of COVID-19 infections is well underway in previously hard-hit provinces, such as Ontario, B.C. and Quebec.
On Friday, Trudeau conceded during a press conference that problems in long-term care facilities “existed long before COVID-19.”
“The systems that we had were inadequate all across the country,” he said. “They were not up to the task of protecting our seniors appropriately.”
But experts question why the process of fixing those systemic issues has only now just begun.
“The writing is on the wall that this had to happen yesterday,” said Boozary.
“To not ensure that every measure, every resource is in place to protect these families and their loved ones — to me is just damning, it’s egregious.”
The prime minister was quick to point out that long-term care is “very clearly a provincial jurisdiction,” adding that the federal government was busy helping the provinces “get the situation under control” early in the pandemic.
“Whether it was sending in the military or the Red Cross or sending extra financial support to vulnerable health care workers, the federal government was busy acting,” he said.
But Trudeau also said the need for national standards of long-term care only became clear to his government after “conversations with Canadians and the provinces” following the devastation caused in the first wave of the pandemic.
Long-term care facilities unprepared for second wave
A group of major stakeholders in Ontario’s long-term care system sent a 60-page letter to Ontario Premier Doug Ford and the ministers of both Health and Long-Term Care this week calling for “immediate action” to protect the health of residents, staff and family members.
“In the absence of these measures and support from government, Ontario’s long-term care homes are not currently ready to manage a second wave of COVID-19,” said the letter, which was first reported on by the Globe and Mail.
WATCH | Canada’s prime minister on the country’s second wave of COVID-19:
“The recent surge in cases in Ontario and other provinces is a warning that we have little time to waste,” it stated. “We need decisive action now.”
Dr. Anna Banerji, an infectious disease expert and faculty lead for Indigenous and refugee health at the University of Toronto, said she’s not convinced Canadian long-term care homes have made the necessary changes to protect elderly residents in the second wave.
“We don’t want to see the same kind of disasters that we were seeing in the spring where we had all these people dying and the people that were living were basically living in squalor,” she said. “If that occurs again, it’s a real failure.”
Banerji said nursing homes need to ensure they have no more than one resident per room with individual access to their own bathroom, while staff should have adequate personal protective equipment and infection control training — something they lacked in the first wave.
Dr. Aisha Lofters, a family physician and researcher at Women’s College Hospital in Toronto, said nursing homes also need to ensure staff aren’t putting residents at unnecessary risk.
“In the early days, we saw a lot of people who were working in multiple long-term care homes, working part-time and casual, having to move from home to home to home,” she said.
“We saw the devastating effects of that.”
National standards of long-term care need enforcement
Dr. Naheed Dosani, a physician and health-justice advocate in Toronto, welcomes the creation of national standards for long-term care, but hopes those homes in violation of them will face serious consequences.
“One of the things that we need to be aware of is that at least in Ontario, it was shown that for-profit homes especially had a higher proportion of deaths,” he said.
Dosani said he wants the national standards to create a baseline for where care needs to be in nursing homes across Canada, so that seniors aren’t left to suffer the consequences.
“They already suffered in the first wave. My hope is that they don’t have to suffer and less people have to die in the second wave,” he said.
“Why would we allow this to happen in the second wave? The federal government has the ability to set that bar where it needs to be so that standard of care is met so that doesn’t have to happen again.”
To read the entire Second Opinion newsletter every Saturday morning, subscribe by clicking here.
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