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How A Laddered Bond Portfolio Can Mitigate Investment Reinvestment Risk

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It may not be an issue during the current environment of rising interest rates, but reinvestment risk never goes away. It’s most acute when you put all your eggs in one basket and buy that one bond with a great coupon rate.

Trouble arises when that bond matures, and interest rates have dropped. Then what do you do?

You can avoid this problem and mitigate reinvestment risk through a simple portfolio construction technique. It’s called a “laddered bond portfolio,” and investment professionals have used it successfully.

“Laddered portfolios hold short, medium, and longer bonds,” says Holmes Osborne of Osborne Global Investors in Odessa, Missouri. “Since interest rates are difficult to predict, a laddered portfolio can cover investors in multiple scenarios.”

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You don’t need a professional to build this kind of portfolio. You can do it yourself. It’s not just a good defense to protect you against reinvestment risk. During a period of rising rates, you will find that a laddered bond portfolio can allow you to build cash flow.

“A laddered bond portfolio is one in which you invest in an assortment of bonds with staggered maturities,” says Robert R. Johnson, Professor at the Heider College of Business at Creighton University in Charlottesville, Virginia. “For example, you can structure a bond portfolio where 10 percent of all the bonds mature each year. The bonds would not all mature in the same interest rate environment. If rates rise, the value of the portfolio may fall, but you do not need to sell the bonds that haven’t matured. If you need the cash, the maturing bonds offer a ready source. If you do not need the cash, you can reinvest the proceeds of the maturing bonds at the new (higher) interest rates.”

While the Fed has increased interest rates to stave off inflation, normal interest rate increases occur during the upside of a booming economy (which is also associated with rising inflation). When the economy slows or slows too quickly, you would expect the Fed to cut interest rates to help spur economic growth.

It’s during this part of the cycle that reinvestment risk arises. A laddered bond portfolio mitigates reinvestment risk.

“Reinvestment risk occurs when you have to invest the proceeds from a bond at a lower rate than what the original bond paid,” says Tommy Gallagher, an ex-investment banker and the Founder of Top Mobile Banks who lives in Berne, Switzerland and Ann Arbor, Michigan. “This can be a problem when interest rates are falling, as you cannot reinvest the proceeds at the same rate as when you initially purchased the bond. By laddering the bonds, you can still maintain some of your original investment if rates fall.”

Going back to his example, Johnson says, “If interest rates fall, you will reinvest the proceeds at a lower rate, but only for 10 percent of the portfolio (and the longer maturity bonds would rise in value). With a laddered portfolio, the proceeds of the maturing bonds would be reinvested in new bonds with a maturity later than those currently in the portfolio.”

If you’re not familiar with investing in bonds but more familiar with stock investments, you might recognize the following analogy.

“A bond ladder reduces interest rate risk by staggering the maturities among several bonds (each of which represents a rung on the ladder),” says Johnson. “For a long-term investor, that ends up being similar to a dollar-cost averaging strategy in the equity markets. Shorter maturities cushion interest rate (i.e., bond price) risks, while the fact that only a portion of the bonds mature in a given period reduces reinvestment risk.”

One reason you might want to invest in an extensive bond portfolio is to generate reliable cash flow. This strategy of buying a set of bonds with a mix of maturity dates can help you here, too.

“In addition to mitigating reinvestment risk, laddered bond portfolios can also provide a steady stream of income,” says Gallagher. “By investing in bonds of different maturities, you can take advantage of higher yields as they become available and benefit from any increases in interest rates. This can be especially beneficial for those investors looking for a steady stream of income over time, as the laddered portfolio will provide a steady cash flow of income and capital gains as each bond matures.”

Generally, retirees will employ a laddered bond portfolio strategy. It’s best when you have a critical mass of assets to realize the complete set of benefits found in this style of investing.

“Overall, laddered bond portfolios can provide you with a way to mitigate reinvestment risk and generate a steady stream of income over time,” says Gallagher. “By laddering the bonds, you can take advantage of different yield curves and benefit from any increases in interest rates. In addition, this strategy can provide you with a steady stream of income without having to worry about reinvesting your proceeds at a lower rate than what you purchased the bond at.”

Are laddered bond portfolios right for you? You need to consider your investment objective. If you continue to need solid long-term growth, this strategy might not be appropriate. If, on the other hand, you have an income-oriented objective, you might want to take a look at this.

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Investment funds that are moving to defensive positions, and some that are not – The Globe and Mail

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What are we looking for?

ETFs and DIY mutual funds that made notable changes to their defensive-sector exposure over 2022.

The screen

The year is off to a great start for equity investors, with most equity indexes posting single-digit gains on a year-to-date basis, perhaps fuelled by investors’ reinvigorated confidence that the world’s central banks have inflation under control. That said, a new economic environment of higher interest rates might prompt some investors to have a look at their sector exposures, perhaps allocating more to defensive sectors for risk-reduction purposes, or to more cyclical sectors if they’re bullish on market prospects. To help identify potential candidates, I thought to analyze funds that have made noticeable moves over the course of last year. To start with, I screened the Morningstar Direct database for Canadian-domiciled equity ETFs and DIY mutual funds for those that have a reasonable track record, denoted by their Morningstar Rating for Funds or “star” rating of three stars or better, implying that the initial universe performed at least as well as category peers.

I then looked at the sector allocations of each fund as they appeared at the end of 2022 and 2021. Specifically, I used Morningstar’s “super-sector” definitions to determine which funds have the largest changes in exposure to defensive sectors. Recall that Morningstar’s classification structure for stocks divides global companies into three “super sectors”: (1) cyclicals, which include basic materials, consumer cyclical, financial services and real estate stocks; (2) defensive, which includes consumer defensive, health care and utilities stocks; and finally (3) sensitive, which includes communications services, energy, industrials and technology companies. I used the change in exposure to the defensive sector over the 2022 calendar year as the sole metric to rank the list of three-star-or-better funds.

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What we found

20 funds moving into, and away from defensive sectors

Name Ticker Morningstar Category Annual Report Management Expense Ratio (MER) Morningstar Rating for Funds Total Ret YTD (%) Total Ret 1 Yr (%) Total Ret Annlzd 3 Yr (%) Total Ret Annlzd 5 Yr (%) Defensive Supersector (12M % Change) Equity Econ Super Sector Defensive % (Net) 2022-12 Equity Econ Super Sector Defensive % (Net) 2021-12 Sensitive Supersector (12M % Change) Equity Econ Super Sector Sensitive % (Net) 2022-12 Equity Econ Super Sector Sensitive % (Net) 2021-12 Cyclical Supersector (12M % Change) Equity Econ Super Sector Cyclical % (Net) 2022-12 Equity Econ Super Sector Cyclical % (Net) 2021-12
Funds Moving to Defensive Sectors:
Fidelity US Momentum ETF FCMO-T US Equity 0.32 0.3 -1.7 41.7 48.4 6.7 -30.1 31.7 61.8 -11.8 19.6 31.4
Invesco S&P 500 Momentum ETF CAD MOM-NE US Equity 0.53 2 -1.0 4.0 1.6 3.5 38.3 49.3 10.9 -11.1 36.9 48.0 -27.8 12.9 40.7
iShares MSCI USA Momentum Ftr ETF XMTM-T US Equity 0.32 3 -1.1 -0.9 4.9 29.9 46.2 16.3 -13.2 36.8 50.0 -16.5 16.8 33.3
Purpose Global Innovators ETF PINV-T North American Equity 1.23 1 4.0 -24.7 -3.8 28.8 43.3 14.5 -28.4 37.1 65.5 -5.5 4.6 10.1
CI Munro Global Growth Equity ETF CMGG-T Global Equity 1.06 3.5 -4.7 22.6 38.4 15.8 -18.4 34.7 53.1 -6.7 21.8 28.5
CI Global Climate Leaders ETF C$ CLML-T Global Equity 0.93 1.4 -3.6 21.5 39.6 18.0 -8.3 43.8 52.1 -16.4 9.5 25.9
SmartBe U.S. Quantitative Momentum ETF SBQM-NE US Equity 0.99 1.3 12.2 18.6 30.1 11.6 18.5 58.3 39.8 -36.7 11.3 48.0
Fidelity International Low Vol ETF FCIL-T International Equity 0.48 3 2.4 -1.3 -0.7 16.7 50.4 33.7 -0.4 23.8 24.2 -16.7 24.8 41.4
CI WisdomTree Intl Qual DivGrETF IQD-T International Equity 0.58 5 6.6 0.7 5.6 6.2 16.6 42.1 25.5 -4.2 30.7 34.9 -11.9 27.0 39.0
SmartBe Canadian Quantitative Mmntm ETF SBCM-NE Canadian Equity 0.08 2.4 1.7 15.1 20.3 5.2 9.4 48.4 39.0 -24.4 30.9 55.2
Funds Moving away from Defensive Sectors:
Leith Wheeler Intl Equity Plus Series B International Equity 1.59 2 6.3 -1.9 1.0 -0.8 -12.0 15.1 27.1 5.2 25.9 20.8 12.7 30.1 17.4
Invesco S&P 500 Hi Div Low Vol ETF CAD UHD-NE US Equity 0.39 2 1.6 10.2 5.4 6.1 -12.1 40.3 52.4 -3.6 22.3 25.8 16.3 36.9 20.6
Beutel Goodman North American Focus Eq D Canadian Focused Equity 1.49 4 4.4 4.8 8.7 7.2 -12.3 18.4 30.7 11.5 34.9 23.4 0.1 44.2 44.1
Fidelity US Value ETF FCUV-T US Equity 0.36 6.0 12.2 -12.9 18.3 31.3 7.4 46.4 39.0 4.6 34.2 29.6
Fidelity US Value Currency Neutral ETF FCVH-T US Equity 0.39 7.5 5.1 -13.0 18.3 31.3 7.3 46.2 39.0 5.2 34.8 29.6
Horizons NASDAQ-100 Cov Cll ETF QQCC-T International Equity 0.85 1 6.7 -4.1 0.6 -1.1 -16.2 15.6 31.8 36.8 68.7 32.0 -19.2 15.2 34.5
TD Q Canadian Dividend ETF TQCD-T Canadian Dividend & Income Equity 0.39 1 7.4 9.3 5.5 -16.7 11.5 28.2 6.6 40.9 34.4 10.3 47.1 36.8
Invesco S&P GlbexCndHiDivLowVol ETF CAD GHD-NE Global Equity 0.67 2 4.3 6.3 1.5 3.2 -18.8 33.3 52.1 5.8 22.1 16.3 11.5 39.0 27.5
First Trust Morningstar Div Lrs ETF CADH FDL-T US Equity 0.66 3.2 8.3 11.3 7.8 -19.4 31.1 50.5 9.4 45.0 35.7 10.7 22.1 11.4
Guardian Fundamental All Country Eq ETF GGAC-T Global Equity 1.05 7.7 2.4 -25.2 2.1 27.4 -20.6 12.0 32.6 -23.2 13.9 37.1

Source: Morningstar Direct | Data as of January 27, 2023

The accompanying table includes 10 funds that have shifted their exposure toward defensive sectors the most, and the 10 funds that have shifted the furthest away from defensive sectors. The table also displays fees, trailing performance, ratings and inception dates. It is worthwhile noting that the three funds that have moved most into defensive sectors (XMTM-T, FCIL-T and IQD-T) are “smart beta” products, which are rules-based in nature and do not follow the discretion of a portfolio manager. Interestingly, the three funds are exposed to quite different factors. Also noted is the fact that several smart beta products that look for exposure to dividends (such as FCUD-T, XHU-T and VIDY-T), have shifted away from defensive sectors, while RBC’s actively managed mutual funds have increased their exposure to defensive sectors.

This article does not constitute financial advice. Investors are encouraged to conduct their own independent research before purchasing any of the investments listed here.

Ian Tam, CFA, is director of investment research for Morningstar Canada.

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CPP Investments Anchors New IndoSpace Fund with US$205 Million Investment – Yahoo Canada Finance

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MUMBAI, India, Jan. 30, 2023 /CNW/ – Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP Investments) today announced an investment of US$205 million as an anchor investor in IndoSpace‘s new real estate fund. IndoSpace is a leading real estate company in India. The investment marks the first close for IndoSpace Logistics Parks IV (ILP IV), the company’s fourth development vehicle, targeting US$600 million of total equity commitments.

Image of sites (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

Image of sites (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

This is the latest venture between CPP Investments and IndoSpace. The first joint venture, IndoSpace Core, was established in 2017 and now owns the largest portfolio of stabilized modern logistics assets in India. CPP Investments has also invested in ILP III. Following the investment in ILP IV, the partnership will exceed US$1 billion in assets.

ILP IV will add an additional 25-30 million square feet to the IndoSpace portfolio, furthering IndoSpace’s leading position in the Indian market. ILP IV will focus on India’s largest logistics real estate markets: Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Pune. The establishment of ILP IV follows on from the first three development funds, which have a combined total of 56 million square feet of modern logistics real estate in India.

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Hari Krishna V, Managing Director, Head of Real Estate India, CPP Investments, said, “Over the past few years, we have made numerous investments in India’s industrial space, where we see strong demand as the manufacturing sector continues to grow and the e-commerce sector matures. We are pleased to be working with our longstanding partner IndoSpace to further capitalize on opportunities in this space and believe this investment will deliver strong risk adjusted returns for CPP contributors and beneficiaries.”

Brian Oravec, Managing Partner and CEO, IndoSpace Capital Asia, said, “We are excited to extend our successful partnership with CPP Investments. CPP Investments’ commitment to ILP IV is a testament to IndoSpace’s leadership in the industrial and logistics real estate space in India. ILP IV will allow us to continue to expand our unique national network to better serve our customers. Industrial and logistics infrastructure is a key enabler of economic growth. To meet India’s aim of becoming a US$5 trillion economy by 2025, IndoSpace is excited to continue to be one of India’s key infrastructure creators.”

About CPP Investments

Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP InvestmentsTM) is a professional investment management organization that manages the Fund in the best interest of the 21 million contributors and beneficiaries of the Canada Pension Plan. To build diversified portfolios of assets, investments are made around the world in public equities, private equities, real estate, infrastructure and fixed income. Headquartered in Toronto, with offices in Hong Kong, London, Luxembourg, Mumbai, New York City, San Francisco, São Paulo and Sydney, CPP Investments is governed and managed independently of the Canada Pension Plan and at arm’s length from governments. As per September 30, 2022, the Fund totalled C$529 billion. For more information, please visit www.cppinvestments.com or follow us on LinkedInFacebook or Twitter.

About IndoSpace

IndoSpace (www.indospace.in) is the largest investor, developer, and operator of grade A industrial and logistics real estate in India. IndoSpace has the largest national network of 50 logistics parks with 56 million square feet delivered/under development across 10 cities. With India’s largest and most experienced industrial real estate team, IndoSpace continues to lead the development of key logistics infrastructure for India’s economic growth. For more information, visit www.indospace.in and follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook.

CPP Investments logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)CPP Investments logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

CPP Investments logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

IndoSpace logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)IndoSpace logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

IndoSpace logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

SOURCE Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

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Zacks Investment Ideas feature highlights: Meta Platforms, Alphabet, Snap, Oracle and Global Social Media ETF

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For Immediate Release

Chicago, IL – January 30, 2023 – Today, Zacks Investment Ideas feature highlights Meta Platforms META, Alphabet GOOGL, Snap Inc SNAP, Oracle ORCL and Global Social Media ETF SOCL.

TikTok Ban Coming: 3 Stocks That Would Benefit

The Social Media Landscape Is Evolving

The social media landscape has changed dramatically over the past few years with the rapid ascent of the personalized video platform app TikTok. Despite TikTok’s rapid rise, Meta Platforms and Alphabet are still the dominant players. In terms of monthly active users, three Meta platforms make up the top four rankings globally: Facebook (#1), Whatsapp (#3), and Instagram (#4).

Alphabet holds the second spot with its video platform Youtube and TikTok is ranked #6. Even with the continued dominance of existing players like META and GOOGL, stock performance has been lackluster in recent years. The Global Social Media ETF is the most followed social media ETF (note that it does not include TikTok).

What has Led to the Underperformance of Existing Players?

For one, Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg is paying less attention to his lucrative social media business and instead investing valuable resources in what he sees as the future – the metaverse. Approximately 20% of Meta’s current investments are aimed at this project. While the bold bet has not panned out for Zuckerberg and Meta yet, he plans to stay the course.

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The other major factor leading to the underperformance in domestic social media platforms such as Instagram, Youtube, and Snap Inc’s Snap Chat platform is TikTok’s success.

Chinese-based ByteDance launched TikTok in the United States in 2016, and since then, the platform has dominated. The app, which allows users to create and modify short-form videos, has caught on, especially with the younger generation. TikTok’s competitors have noticed. To win eyes back, Instagram has launched “Reels” and Youtube has created “Shorts” –aimed at users who prefer short, customizable videos like Tik Tok.

SnapChat, already in the short video space, has suffered the most from TikTok’s rise.

National Security Concerns

Though TikTok is one of the dominant global social media players and shows little signs of slowing growth – other factors may play a significant role in the social media space moving forward. Concerns are growing that ByteDance is collecting unnecessary personal data on its users and possibly supplying it to the Chinese government (the biggest rival of the U.S.).

Former President Donald Trump attempted to ban TikTok in 2020, but ultimately the app was able to remain active. The Biden administration struck down the potential Trump ban on TikTok but ordered a national security investigation.

A Potential Catalyst for Domestic Social Media Platforms

Even with the failed TikTok bans of the past, momentum is growing for a new possible attempted ban. In the past year, FBI director Christopher Wray, FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr, and Senator Josh Hawley have called for a domestic TikTok ban. Meanwhile, several U.S. colleges have implemented their own bans (via WiFi) amid security concerns.

Tuesday, Josh Hawley announced he would introduce a bill to ban the app. Investors who follow the social media space should keep a close eye on how the efforts to ban the app play out. If the app is ultimately banned, SNAP will benefit the most, along with META and GOOGL. Software giant Oracle, which supports TikTok via its cloud platform, would stand to lose.

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Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Inherent in any investment is the potential for loss. This material is being provided for informational purposes only and nothing herein constitutes investment, legal, accounting or tax advice, or a recommendation to buy, sell or hold a security. No recommendation or advice is being given as to whether any investment is suitable for a particular investor. It should not be assumed that any investments in securities, companies, sectors or markets identified and described were or will be profitable. All information is current as of the date of herein and is subject to change without notice. Any views or opinions expressed may not reflect those of the firm as a whole. Zacks Investment Research does not engage in investment banking, market making or asset management activities of any securities. These returns are from hypothetical portfolios consisting of stocks with Zacks Rank = 1 that were rebalanced monthly with zero transaction costs. These are not the returns of actual portfolios of stocks. The S&P 500 is an unmanaged index. Visit https://www.zacks.com/performance for information about the performance numbers displayed in this press release.

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Oracle Corporation (ORCL) : Free Stock Analysis Report

Alphabet Inc. (GOOGL) : Free Stock Analysis Report

Global X Social Media ETF (SOCL): ETF Research Reports

Snap Inc. (SNAP) : Free Stock Analysis Report

Meta Platforms, Inc. (META) : Free Stock Analysis Report

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